Do I need special lighting in the bathroom?

Water and electricity do not mix, so when it comes to lighting your bathroom – it’s better to be safe than sorry. Bathroom lighting must conform to current regulations, so before you start planning your bathroom lighting concept, it’s time to familiarise yourself with bathroom zones!

What are bathroom zones?

All bathrooms are divided into areas called zones and the light fittings used within these zones are given a two-digit IP (Ingress Protection) number. The first digit indicates the level of protection against dust particles or solid objects, ranging from zero, no protection, to 6 for total protection. The second digit is integral to bathroom lighting as it signifies how much protection there is from moisture, zero represents no protection whereas 8 is for a light that will be submerged in water. 

How is my bathroom zoned?

For a typical bathroom, there are usually four key zones to consider when lighting your space. 

Zone 0 – This is the area inside the bath or shower so any light here must be low voltage and rated at least IPx7. Dust protection is irrelevant here so the focus must be on the amount of moisture protection offered. Any lights with an IP rating of 7+ will offer total protection when submerged in water.

Zone 1 – This is the area above the bath or shower to a height of 2.25m above floor level. Any lighting in this zone must have a rating of at least IPx4, to offer the right moisture protection. 

Zone 2 –  An area that stretches to 0.6m outside the bath and above the bath/shower if over 2.25 metres. This zone also includes the space above the sink in a radius of 0.6m from the tap. This zone also requires a rating of IPx4.

Not Zoned – Previously known as Zone 3, regulation states that there is no longer a required IP rating for the area outside of Zone 2. Any light fitting can be used here, however, avoid any that specifically state that they are not to be used in the bathroom. 

To update your bathroom lighting concept, why not take a look at our full bathroom lighting collection? With big-name brands and easy follow IP guides on each product, we have your bathroom safety sorted at Ocean Lighting.